Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa that is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a Constitutional Republic with a directly elected president and a Unicameral Legislature. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. The country covers a total area of 71,740\u00A0km and with an estimated population of 6 million. Sierra Leone is divided into four geographical regions: the Northern Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area; which are subdivided into fourteen districts. The districts have their own directly elected local government known as district council, headed by a council chairman. Freetown is the capital, largest city as well as its economic, commercial and political centre. Sierra Leone has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. The country is among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, and a major producer of gold. The country has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile. Sierra Leone is also home to the third largest natural harbour in the world, where shipping from all over the globe berth at Freetown's famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay. Despite this natural wealth, 70% of its people live in poverty. Sierra Leone is a predominantly Muslim country, though with an influential Christian minority. Sierra Leone is ranked as one of the most religiously tolerant nations in the world. People are often married across ethnic and religious boundaries. Muslims and Christians collaborate and interact with each other peacefully. Religious violence is very rare in the country. The population of Sierra Leone comprises about sixteen ethnic groups, each with its own language and custom. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and the Mende. Although English is the language of instruction in schools and the official language in government administration, the Krio language (derived from English and several indigenous African languages) is the primary language of communication among Sierra Leone's different ethnic groups, and is spoken by 90% of the country's population. The Krio Language unites all the different ethnic groups, especially in their trade and interaction with each other. In 1462, the area that is now Sierra Leone was visited by the Portuguese explorer Pedro de Sintra, who named it Serra Leoa, meaning \Lioness Mountains\. Sierra Leone later became an important centre of the transatlantic trade in slaves until 11 March 1792 when Freetown was founded by the Sierra Leone Company as a home for former slaves enslaved from (or freed by) the British Empire. In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown Colony, and in 1896, the interior of the country became a British Protectorate. Between 1991 and 2002 the Sierra Leone Civil War devastated the country leaving more than 50,000 people dead, much of the country's infrastructure destroyed, and over two million people displaced in neighbouring countries as refugees.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a constitutional representative democratic republic and covers a total area of 71,740 km (27,699 sq mi) Sierra Leone has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests.
Sierra LeoneEconomic Community of West African StatesMember states of the Organisation of Islamic CooperationRepublicsCountries bordering the Atlantic OceanMember states of the Commonwealth of NationsAfrican countriesStates and territories established in 1961English-speaking countries and territoriesMember states of the African UnionMember states of the United NationsSierra LeoneLeast developed countries
Sierra Leone Civil War
The Sierra Leone Civil War (1991–2002) began on 23 March 1991 when the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), intervened in Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government. The resulting civil war lasted 11 years, enveloped the country, and left over 50,000 dead.
Sierra Leone Civil WarBlood diamondsCivil wars post-1945Civil wars involving the states and peoples of AfricaWars involving Sierra LeoneRevolution-based civil warsSierra Leone Civil WarWars involving LiberiaWars involving the United KingdomWars involving South Africa
Sierra Leone national football team
The Sierra Leone national football team, nicknamed the Leone Stars, is the national team of Sierra Leone and is controlled by the Sierra Leone Football Association. The team is affiliated to the West African Football Union of CAF. They have never qualified for the World Cup.
Sierra Leone national football teamSierra Leone national football teamAfrican national association football teamsNational sports teams of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Creole people
The Krio are an ethnic group in Sierra Leone, descendants of slaves resettled from Nova Scotia, the West Indies and England. In this way, as decedents of slaves, the Krio are liberated slaves from various parts of Africa. They were settled in Freetown, Sierra Leone by the British between 1792 and 1855 (or possibly as late as 1860). Land in Liberia was later purchased by America as a settlement for American slaves who wished to return to Africa. Liberia also has a community called Freetown.
Sierra Leone Creole peoplePeople of African American descentPeople of Jamaican Maroon descentPeople of Liberated African descentEthnic groups in Sierra LeoneEthnic groups in AfricaRepatriated AfricansSierra Leone CreolePeople of Black Nova Scotian descent
Sierra Leone National Premier League
Sierra Leone National Premier League is the top football league in Sierra Leone. It was founded in 1967. The league is sponsored by the Sierra Leone Commercial Bank, one of the major Sierra Leonean banks. East End Lions and Mighty Blackpool are the two biggest and most successful clubs. The National Premier League is controlled by the Sierra Leone Football Association. To date a club outside Freetown has never won the league. The season runs from March to July.
Sierra Leone National Premier LeagueNational association football premier leaguesFootball competitions in Sierra Leone
Northern Province, Sierra Leone
The Northern Province (commonly referred to as Northern Sierra Leone or simply the North) is one of the four provincial divisions of Sierra Leone. It comprises five Districts and covers an area of 35,936 km² and with a population of 1,718,240 (2004 census). Its administrative and economic center is Makeni. The North borders the Western Area to the West, the Republic of Guinea to the north-east, the Eastern Province and Southern Province to the south-east.
Northern Province, Sierra LeoneNorthern Province, Sierra LeoneProvinces of Sierra Leone
Bo, Sierra Leone
Bo is the second largest city in Sierra Leone and the largest city in the Southern Province. The city serves as the capital of Bo District and lies approximately 164 miles east-south-east of Freetown. After Freetown, Bo is the leading financial, educational, transportational and commercial center of Sierra Leone. The municipality of Bo had a population of 149,957 in the 2004 census and a current estimate of 233,684. http://www. world-gazetteer. com/wg.
Bo, Sierra LeoneBo, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra LeoneSouthern Province, Sierra Leone
Koidu Town (also known as Koidu, or Sefadu) is the fourth largest city in Sierra Leone and the capital and economic center of the diamond-rich Kono District in the Eastern Province. The city is a major business, commercial and diamond trade center. Koidu Town is the second largest city in the Eastern Province, and lies approximately 275 miles east of Freetown. The city had a population of 82,899 in the 2004 census (a 2006 estimate being 111,800).
Koidutown-SefaduEastern Province, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra Leone
Kenema is the third largest city in Sierra Leone and the largest city in the Eastern Province. The city is a major trade and commercial center and serve as the capital of Kenema District. The city lies approximately 200 miles east of Freetown and about 40 miles south of Bo. http://www. reuters. com/article/2011/02/14/us-bioterror-africa-idUSTRE71D49820110214. Kenema had a population of 128,402 in the 2004 census and a more recent estimate of 182,106 http://www. world-gazetteer. com/wg.
KenemaEastern Province, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra Leone
Parliament of Sierra Leone
The Parliament of Sierra Leone is the unicameral legislative body of the Republic of Sierra Leone. It is occasionally known as the House of Representatives. The Sierra Leone Parliament has a total of 124 seats. 112 members are directly elected every five years, usually during the presidential election. the remaining 12 seats in Parliament are filled by appointed paramount chiefs from each of the country 12 provincial districts.
Parliament of Sierra LeoneParliaments by countryUnicameral legislaturesGovernment of Sierra LeoneNational legislaturesPolitics of Sierra Leone
Makeni is the fourth largest city in Sierra Leone and the largest city and economic center of the Northern Province. The city is the capital of Bombali District and lies approximately 85 miles east of Freetown. The city is a major commercial, educational, tranportational and economic center. Makeni had a population of 80,840 in the 2004 census and a current estimate of 109,112http://www. world-gazetteer. com/wg.
MakeniNorthern Province, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra Leone
Politics of Sierra Leone
The government of Sierra Leone is the governing authority of the Republic of Sierra Leone, as established by the Sierra Leone Constitution. The Sierra Leone government is divided into three branches: the executive, legislative and the judicial. The seat of government of Sierra Leone is in the capital Freetown.
Politics of Sierra LeonePolitics of Sierra Leone
United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) was a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Sierra Leone from 1999 to 2005. It was created by the United Nations Security Council in October 1999 to help with the implementation of the Lomé Peace Accord, an agreement intended to end the Sierra Leonean civil war. UNAMSIL expanded in size several times in 2000 and 2001. It concluded its mandate at the end of 2005, the Security Council having declared that its mission was complete.
United Nations Mission in Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Civil WarHistory of Sierra LeoneUnited Nations Security Council mandatesUnited Nations operations in Africa
Eastern Province, Sierra Leone
Eastern Province is one of the four provinces of Sierra Leone. It covers an area of 15,553 km² and has a population of 1,187,532. Its capital and administrative center is Kenema. Eastern Province, Sierra Leone is very mountainous and has two ranges, the Gola Hills and the Loma Mountains
Eastern Province, Sierra LeoneEastern Province, Sierra LeoneProvinces of Sierra Leone
Mende (Mɛnde yia) is a major language of Sierra Leone, with some speakers in neighboring Liberia. It is spoken by the Mende people and by other ethnic groups as a regional lingua franca in southern Sierra Leone. Mende is a tonal language belonging to the Mande branch of the Niger–Congo language family. Early systematic descriptions of Mende were by F. W. Migeod and Kenneth Crosby. In 1921, Kisimi Kamara invented a syllabary for Mende he called Kikakui .
Mende languageLanguages of LiberiaSyllabary writing systemsLanguages of Sierra LeoneMande languages
Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone
The Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone are the third-level units of administration in Sierra Leone. The districts of Sierra Leone are divided into chiefdoms. File:Sierra Leone chiefdoms. png Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone
Chiefdoms of Sierra LeoneLists of country subdivisionsFourth-level administrative country subdivisionsSubdivisions of Sierra LeoneCountry subdivisions of AfricaSierra Leone-related listsThird-level administrative country subdivisionsChiefdoms of Sierra Leone
The Western Area or Freetown Peninsula (formerly the Colony of Sierra Leone) is one of four principal divisions of Sierra Leone. It comprises the oldest city and national capital Freetown and its surrounding suburbs. It covers an area of 557 km² and has a population of 947,122 (2004 census). Unlike the other three regions of Sierra Leone, the Western Area population is mainly in urban areas.
Western AreaWestern AreaProvinces of Sierra Leone
President of Sierra Leone
The President of the Republic of Sierra Leone is the head of state and the head of government of Sierra Leone, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The President appoints and heads a Cabinet of ministers, which must be approved by the Parliament.
President of Sierra LeonePresidents of Sierra LeoneSierra Leone-related listsLists of presidentsHistory of Sierra LeoneGovernment of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Company
The Sierra Leone Company was the corporate body involved in founding the second British colony in Africa in 1792 through the resettlement of black American ex-slaves (called the Nova Scotian Settlers) who had initially been settled in Nova Scotia after the American Revolutionary War.
Sierra Leone CompanyAfrican-American historySierra Leone–United Kingdom relationsHistory of Sierra LeoneChartered companiesSierra Leone Creole organizations
Operation Palliser was a British Armed forces operation in Sierra Leone in 2000 under the command of Brigadier David Richards. Initially, its scope was limited to evacuation of non-combatants only. Subsequently, apparently on the initiative of Richards, it expanded into critical support of the government and eventually resulted in the end of the civil war.
Operation Palliser21st-century military history of the United KingdomMilitary operations involving the United KingdomSierra Leone Civil War
Moyamba District is a district in the Southern Province of Sierra Leone with a population of 260,910 in the 2004 census. Its capital and largest city is Moyamba. The other major towns include Njala, Rotifunk and Shenge. The district is the largest in the Southern Province by geographical area, occupying a total area of 6,902 km (2,665 sq mi) and comprises fourteen chiefdoms.
Moyamba DistrictSouthern Province, Sierra LeoneDistricts of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Police
The Sierra Leone Police (SLP) is the national police force of the Republic of Sierra Leone, responsible for law enforcement and crime investigation throughout Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Police was established by the British colony back in 1894 and is one of the oldest police forces in West Africa.
Sierra Leone PoliceLaw enforcement in Sierra Leone
List of heads of government of Sierra Leone
List of heads of government of Sierra LeoneLists of heads of governmentGovernment of Sierra LeoneHistory of Sierra LeonePrime Ministers of Sierra Leone
Sandline International was a private military company based in London, established in the early 1990s. It was involved in conflicts in Papua New Guinea in 1997 (having a contract with the government under the then Prime Minister Julius Chan) causing the Sandline affair, in 1998 in Sierra Leone (having a contract with ousted President Kabbah) and in Liberia in 2003 (in a rebel attempt to evict the then-president Charles Taylor near the end of the civil war).
Sandline InternationalHistory of Papua New GuineaHistory of Sierra LeoneMercenary units and formationsHistory of LiberiaPrivate military contractors
University of Sierra Leone
The University of Sierra Leone is the name of the former unitary public university system in Sierra Leone, which, as of May 2005, was reconstitued into the individual colleges of Fourah Bay College and Njala University. It is now affiliated to many colleges in Sierra Leone.
University of Sierra LeoneAssociation of Commonwealth UniversitiesDefunct universities and collegesEducational institutions disestablished in 2005Educational institutions with year of establishment missingUniversities and colleges in Sierra Leone
Kabala, Sierra Leone
Kabala is the capital and largest town of Koinadugu District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. Kabala is one of the main towns in Northern Sierra Leone and is set in a rural lanscape. The town is an agricultural center and is close to the border with Guinea. Kabala lies approximately 120 miles north-east of the northern economic center of Makeni and approximately 185 miles east of the capital Freetown http://alicewatermaninsierraleone. blogspot. com/2010/10/weekend-in-kabala. html.
Kabala, Sierra LeoneNorthern Province, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra Leone
Port Loko is the capital and second largest town of Port Loko District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. The city lies approximately 40 miles (64 km) north-east of Freetown and had a population of 21,961 in the 2004 census and current estimate of 23,915. Port Loko lies on Banka Soka River, which flows into the Sierra Leone River.
Port LokoNorthern Province, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone River
The Sierra Leone River is a river estuary on the Atlantic Ocean in Western Sierra Leone. It is formed by the Port Loko Creek and Rokel River and is between 4 and 10 miles wide (6–16 km) and 25 miles (40 km) long. It holds the major ports of Queen Elizabeth II Quay and Pepel. The estuary is also important for shipping. It is the largest natural harbour in the African continent.
Sierra Leone RiverProtected areas of Sierra LeoneFreetownRivers of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone–United States relations
Sierra Leone–United States relations
Elections in Sierra Leone
Elections in Sierra Leone gives information on election and election results in Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five year term by the people. The House of Representatives has 124 members, 112 members elected for a four year term through proportional representation in 14 multi-seat constituencies with a constituency threshold of 12.5 % and 12 Paramount chiefs.
Elections in Sierra LeoneElections in Sierra Leone
Vice President of Sierra Leone
The Vice President of Sierra Leone is a position in the executive branch of the Republic of Sierra Leone.
Vice President of Sierra LeoneVice presidentsSierra Leone-related listsLists of office-holders by countryHistory of Sierra LeoneGovernment of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Football Association
The Sierra Leone Football Association (SLAFA) is the governing body of football in Sierra Leone. It was founded in 1967, and affiliated to FIFA the same year. It is also a member of the Confederation of African Football from 1987. It organizes the national football league and the national team. The current coach is Ahmed Kanu, with his assistant coach being Obi Metzeger Sr. , the former head coach for 3 years.
Sierra Leone Football AssociationFootball in Sierra LeoneNational Members of the Confederation of African Football
The Limba language, Hulimba, is an erstwhile Atlantic language of Sierra Leone. It is not closely related to other languages and appears to form its own branch of the Niger–Congo family. Dialects include Tonko, Sela, Kamuke (or Ke), Wara-wara, Keleng, Biriwa, and Safroko. The eastern variety, spoken primarily in Guinea, is quite distinct. Limba has a system of noun classes, marked by an old, eroded set of prefixes augmented by a newer set of enclitics.
Limba languageAtlantic languagesLanguages of GuineaLanguages of Sierra Leone
Mandingo people of Sierra Leone
The Mandinka people of Sierra Leone (commonly referred to as the Mandingo or Mandinka) is a major ethnic group in the country and a branch of the Mandinka people of West Africa. They share the same culture, religion, tradition and language. The Sierra Leonean Mandingo are the descendants of Mandinka from Guinea who conquered native Africans in areas of the North and East in the 1870s under the leadership of Samori Ture.
Mandingo people of Sierra LeoneEthnic groups in Sierra LeoneMuslim communities in Africa
Settler Town, Sierra Leone
Settler Town, Sierra Leone or Settler Tong in Krio is the oldest part of Freetown, Sierra Leone and was the home of African American ex-slaves (who immigrated to Sierra Leone and established the first permanent free African American settlement in Africa). Settler Town was established as a walled town in 1792 between Walpole and East streets. Settler Town was compared to a town in the American South (where most of the African American settlers were from) and also to Washington D.C..
Settler Town, Sierra LeoneFreetownSettler Town, Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Creole establishmentsPopulated places established in 1792
Sierra Leone National First Division
Sierra Leone National First Division is the second highest football league in Sierra Leone, after the Sierra Leone National Premier League. Along with the Sierra Leone National Premier League, they are the two major football leagues in Sierra Leone. The league is controlled by the Sierra Leone Football Association.
Sierra Leone National First DivisionFootball competitions in Sierra LeoneSports leagues established in 20022002 establishments in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone national cricket team
The Sierra Leone cricket team is the team that represents the country of Sierra Leone in international cricket matches. They became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council in 2002. They made their international debut at the 2004 African Affiliates Championship, where they finished last out of the eight teams.
Sierra Leone national cricket teamSierra Leone in international cricketNational cricket teamsCricket in Sierra LeoneNational sports teams of Sierra Leone
Coat of arms of Sierra Leone
The coat of arms of Sierra Leone (along with the flag), were developed by the College of Arms and granted in 1960. The shield on the arms depicts a lion beneath a zigzag border, representing the Lion Mountains, after which the country was named. It also shows three torches which are meant to symbolize peace and dignity. At the base are wavy bars depicting the sea. The supporters of the shield are lions, similar to those on the colonial badge.
Coat of arms of Sierra LeoneNational symbols of Sierra LeoneNational coats of arms
Sierra Leone Government Railway
This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series The Sierra Leone Government Railway operated in the West African country of Sierra Leone from 1897 to 1974. It was unusual in that it formed a national railway system constructed solely to a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) rail gauge. Such a narrow gauge was usually confined to feeder railways.
Sierra Leone Government Railway2ft 6in gauge railwaysRail transport in Sierra LeoneHistory of Sierra Leone
Lebanese people in Sierra Leone
There is a significant population of Lebanese people in Sierra Leone.
Lebanese people in Sierra LeoneLebanese communities outside of LebanonLebanese emigrantsLebanese diasporaEthnic groups in Sierra Leone
List of protected areas of Sierra Leone
This is a list of protected areas of Sierra Leone including National Parks, Game reserves, conservation areas and wetlands and those that are listed as proposed protected areas in the UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP WCM) database.
List of protected areas of Sierra LeoneNational parks of Sierra LeoneLists of protected areas by countrySierra Leone-related listsLists of national parks
Pepel is a coastal town in the Port Loko District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone.
PepelPopulated places in Sierra LeoneWestern Area
United Nations Integrated Office in Sierra Leone
The United Nations Integrated Office in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL) was established by Resolution 1620 of the United Nations Security Council in 2005 to begin operations in 2006 as a follow up to United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) which helped end the Sierra Leone Civil War. It was extended twice and ended on 30 September 2008; it was replaced with the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone (UNIPSIL).
United Nations Integrated Office in Sierra LeonePolitics of Sierra LeoneUnited Nations Security Council mandates
The Kono language (Kɔnɔ) is a language spoken in Sierra Leone by the Kono people. The Kono District is situated in the Eastern Province of Sierra Leone and contains 14 chiefdoms, each headed by a Paramount Chief. The language varies slightly between chiefdoms.
Kono languageLanguages of Sierra LeoneMande languages
Lungi, Sierra Leone
Lungi is a small coastal town in Port Loko District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. The town lies approximately 40 miles north of the district capital Port Lokohttp://deepermissions. org/breaking-ground/ and had a population of 4185 in the 2004 census with a recent population estimated at 8,091http://www. world-gazetteer. com/wg. php?x=&men=srcg&lng=en&des=wg&geo=352708826&srt=npan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&geo=0.
Lungi, Sierra LeoneNorthern Province, Sierra LeonePopulated places in Sierra Leone
National Council of Sierra Leone
The National Council of Sierra Leone was the main opposition party in Sierra Leone in the early 1950s. The organisation was founded by former members of the Sierra Leonean branch of the National Congress of British West Africa around Herbert Bankole-Bright and Isaac Wallace-Johnson in 1950. It gained much of its support from the more privileged Krio people around the Freetown colony.
National Council of Sierra LeonePolitical parties in Sierra LeonePolitical parties established in 1950
History of Sierra Leone
The history of Sierra Leone began when the lands became inhabited at least 2,500 years ago. Sierra Leone played a significant part in modern African political liberty and nationalism, and became an independent nation in 1961. It began as a colony of freed American slaves on March 11, 1792, Blacks voted for the first time in elections, as did women.
History of Sierra LeoneHistory of Sierra Leone
National Stadium (Sierra Leone)
Brookfields National Stadium is a multi-use national stadium of Sierra Leone, located in the capital city of Freetown. It is used mostly for football matches and it also has athletics facilities. It is the largest stadium in Sierra Leone and has a 45,000 capacity. The stadium serves as the exclusive home of the Sierra Leone national football team, as well as a venue for social, cultural, and religious events.
National Stadium (Sierra Leone)Multi-purpose stadiums in Sierra LeoneBuildings and structures completed in 1980Buildings and structures in FreetownNational stadiumsEvent venues established in 1980Football venues in Sierra LeoneAthletics (track and field) venues
Media of Sierra Leone
Media in Sierra Leone began when the first modern printing press in Africa arrived at the start of the 19th century. In the 1860s the country became a journalist hub for Africa with professional travelling to the country from across the continent. At the end of the 19th century the industry went into decline and when radio was introduced in the 1930s this became the primary communication media.
Media of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonean media
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